Prince Edward Island is made up of three provinces. They are Kings, Queens & Prince county.
Kings County (Eastern PEI)
It is the province's smallest, most rural and least-populated county. Kings County is also least dependent upon the agriculture industry compared with the other two counties, while being more heavily dependent on the fishery and forest industry. Comparatively large parts of the county are still forested and it hosts the province's largest sawmill. The only heavy industry, aside from forestry and industrial farming, is a small shipyard, although secondary manufacturing has been established in recent years.
Queens County (Central PEI)
Queens County is located in central Prince Edward Island, Canada. The county is geographically divided by the Hillsborough River's estuary, a tidal inlet which almost splits the county and Prince Edward Island.
The county's geography varies from picturesque shorelines of sandstone cliffs, sandy beaches and sheltered bays on the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait, to extensive farming operations throughout interior regions. Topography ranges from relatively flat to rolling hills in the central hill lands known as the Bonshaw Hills.
The county was named by Capt. Samuel Holland in 1765 for the queen consort of King George III, Queen Charlotte (1744-1818). As such, Queens County's shire town is Charlottetown, which was also chosen as the colonial capital because of its central location.
Today, urban sprawl extending from Charlottetown in the centre of the county is the region's most dominant feature; many rural parts of the county within the Charlottetown census agglomeration, and outside, are facing increased pressures to subdivide and develop into suburbs and exurbs.
Prince County (Western PEI)
Prince County, is located in western Prince Edward Island, Canada. The county's defining geographic feature is Malpeque Bay, a sub-basin of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which creates the narrowest portion of Prince Edward Island's landmass, an isthmus upon which the city of Summerside is located.
The geographic division created by Malpeque Bay is informally augmented by a socio-economic division between the more urban East Prince and rural West Prince, although the line of division generally varies. Much of Prince Edward Island's industrial base is concentrated in the eastern part of the county, with 3 large frozen french fry manufacturing plants, 1 potato chip manufacturing plant, and an aerospace industry located at a former air force base. Industrial farming for root crops such as potatoes accounts for the majority of rural economic activity, followed by fishing for shellfish such as lobster and crab.
The county was named by Capt. Samuel Holland in 1765 for The Prince George Augustus Frederick, Prince of Wales, who would later be crowned King George IV (1762-1830). As such, Prince County's shire town was designated as Princetown, however the inferior harbour for Prince Royalty saw the settlement pattern change to give this honour to Summerside.